Diet and Exercise
Supervised Diet and Exercise by experts can induce up to 5-10% of weight loss.
Wonder why you always gain weight, despite dieting and exercise?
- Fad diets gives short term results.
- Genes may influence your fats stored, distributed and consumed during exercises.
- Medical conditions like diabetes, hypothyroidism, PCOD and depression.
- Influences of family (genetics).
However, it is very difficult to sustain this due to the compensatory hormonal changes in the body which physiologically try to bring back the weight.
- Pharmacotherapy or Medical Treatment:This modality could be effective but needs to be consumed for a lifetime with variable results. It has its own side effects and high cost which could be prohibitive.
- Liposuction:Liposuction is a cosmetic procedure for the re-sculpting small amount of unwanted body fat. Liposuction is not a weight loss operation. Liposuction only removes fat under the skin temporarily; subsequently fat can get deposited in the same or other area
- Bariatric Surgery/Diabetic surgery: Bariatric and metabolic surgery may be the most viable option to be considered in morbid obesity (a. BMI>32.5 with co-morbidities, b. BMI>35 without co-morbidities) when all the above methods don’t work. It induces various hormonal changes which reduce excessive cravings and improve satisfaction of eating and treat the root cause of formation of fat and its deposition in the body.
While diet and exercise alone may not be enough to cure obesity, they are still two of the best ways to prevent it. For treating morbid obesity and its associated complications, however, the researchers recommend considering biologically based treatment, including Bariatric/ Metabolic/ Diabetes surgery where appropriate.